Other names: Pulcinella, Arlecchino, Brighella, Coviello, Francatrippe, Zan Fitata, Zan Piastrela, Zan Ganassa, Zan Turco. The most popular traditional Venice mask is undoubtedly the bauta. DOTTORE PESTE is a modern Venetian Carnival mask. You often could not even tell women from men! He traditionally wears a large codpiece to advertise his virility (which everyone around him knows to be long gone) along with a mask with a long hooked nose, a tight red vest, red breeches and stockings, a black cassock, slippers and a brimless hat. Various troupes and actors would alter his behavior to suit style, personal preferences, or even the particular scenario being performed. PANTALONE is a miserly, libidinous, aged character from the Commedia dell'Arte. Frequently paired with other. Masks might represent old women, doctors, young lovers, nobles, beggars, foreigners, or characters from the theater entertainment known as Commedia dell’Arte. Arlecchino often had a love interest in the person of Colombina, and his lust for her was only superseded by his desire for food or fear of his master. BAUTA is famous through the Carnival of Venice as it is the main type of mask worn during the Carnival. Once inside the city environment Zanni becomes sly, cunning, meddling, and cheeky. Originally they had a simple design and decoration, while today they are hand painted and are decorated with natural wings, precious metals and stones. In Venice, mask-wearing helped to bridge social divisions. It would permit the wearer to act more freely in cases where he or she wanted to interact with other members of the society outside the bounds of identity and everyday convention. Despite his suspicions about things, Pierrot always ends up trusting people and believing in their lies. Venetian Mask is the object, which most represents Venice, because it plays the Venetian spirit projected towards the party, the transgression and the amusement. His traditional temperament is to be mean, vicious, and crafty: Pulcinella main mode of defense is to pretend to be too stupid to know what's going on, and his secondary mode is to physically beat people. Made for centuries in Venice, these distinctive masks were formed from paper-mache and wildly decorated with fur, fabric, gems, or feathers. His costume is usually all or mostly black, sometimes with a white collar. Today, during Mardi Gras, revelers might wear Phantom of the Opera-style masks that only cover half the face, masks on sticks, sequined masks, feathered masks, lace masks, masks accompanied by headdresses and masks of many colors. Other names: Liberty, Olga, Valeri, Salome, Fantasia, Regina. Masks have always been an important feature of the Venetian carnival. Venetian masks have a long history of protecting their wearer's identity during promiscuous or decadent activities. Venetian masks have been worn in Venice, Italy, since antiquity. The society grew ever more decadent. DAMA, which presents many elegant variations corresponds to the ladies of the Cinquecento (the period of Titian) who covered themselves in jewels, expensive clothing and elaborate coifs. Frequently paired with other Zanni as his assistants or employees, Brighella's plans were frequently foiled by their own ineptitude. He is often cast as the parent of one of the inamorata and has some business or personal relationship with Dottore or Capitano. Pliny the Elder mentions a royal Jester (planus regius) when recounting Apelles' visit to the palace of the Hellenistic King Ptolemy I. Some say it comes from Dante's Commedia where one of devils is called Alichino. Various troupes and actors would alter his behavior to suit style, personal preferences, or even the particular scenario being performed. He is typically cast as the servant of an innamorato or vecchio much to the detriment of his master's plans. He is typically depicted as an elderly man who only knows nonsense. JESTER, or JOLLY as a female variant, is a specific type of clown mostly associated with the Middle Ages. Indeed, the Duke promised him his most precious possession in return for his gifts... and the neighbor went home with the cat! Many boundar… Some say it comes from Dante's Commedia where one of devils is called Alichino. As the custom grew, Venetians wore masks in public for a period of about six months out of every year. Wearing Venetian masks has spread to Halloween masquerade balls and what North and South Americans call Mardi Gras, but they always carry their rich Italian history. Gambling went on all day and night in the streets and houses, even in convents. Masks are one of the elements of African art that have most evidently influenced European and Western art in general; in the 20th century, artistic movements such as cubism, fauvism and expression have often taken inspiration from the vast and diverse heritage of African masks. He is extremely pompous, and loves the sound of his own voice, spouting ersatz Latin and Greek. It was again reestablished in 1979 and is again held annually. The immense amount of travelers coming through the city meant that sexual promiscuity was commonplace and acceptable. During the last year of the Republic's existence, this period extended for over three months from December 26. He makes many cruel jokes about the opposite sex and believes that he knows everything about everything. Women's clothing became more revealing; homosexuality, while publicly condemned, was embraced by the populace. Male Commedia dell'Arte characters were depicted by actors wearing masks representing regions or towns. After all, the city is relatively small. Other names: Dottore Balanzone, Dottore Baloardo, Dottore Graziano. All Jesters and fools in those days were thought of as special cases whom God had touched with a childlike madness—a gift, or perhaps a curse. His interaction in the play is usually mostly with Pantalone, either as a friend, mentor or competitor. Cats were so scarce in Venice that they became the subject of one of the most typical masks. Opposed to the Magnifici (the masters), the role of the Zanni is very changeable: silly, simple-minded, and vulgar. This character, of course, is none other than the Miles Glorious of Plautus, called in Italy Il Capitano Spavento della Valle Inferno, or simply Spavento. Part of the secrecy was pragmatic: there were things to do, people to see, and perhaps you might not want others to know what deals you were cutting. Pierrot wears white clothes, which are occasionally overlarge for him but more commonly are well fitted, and sometimes black accessories. Venetian masks have a long history of protecting their wearer's identity during promiscuous or decadent activities. He is loosely categorized as one of the Zanni or servant characters though he often was portrayed as a member of the middle class such as a tavern owner. The Republic fell into a state of luxury, indolence, and moral decay. The three points of the hat represent the asses' ears and tail worn by Jesters in earlier times. Troupes occasionally would perform directly from the back of their traveling wagon, but this is more typical of Carro di Tespi, a sort of traveling theatre that dates back to antiquity. Pantalone's plans to profit at the expense of his family and friends are guaranteed to be thwarted by his servant. Because of this the Plague Doctor isn't a real mask but was a disguise used by local plague doctors who went on visits wearing this strange costume to people afflicted with plague. Regardless of how old we are, we never stop learning. Though only mildly popular on the stage, Burrattino found his real fame in the marionette theater. These travelling teams of performers would set up in town squares and perform comedic sketches, juggling acts and acrobatics while wearing different masks. The styles and names of today's masks come from characters in early improvisational theatre performed in different parts of Italy called "Commedia dell'Arte" or "Art of Comedy." We can vouch for the fact that these Venetian Masks are authentic and all hand made in Venice. He traditionally wears a large codpiece to advertise his virility (which everyone around him knows to be long gone) along with a mask with a long hooked nose, a tight red vest, red breeches and stockings, a black cassock, slippers and a brimless hat. As a result of the concealment of identity, however, people naturally found themselves taking advantage of the situation. Find out their meaning, how to buy them authentically, and how to look after them. The Carnevale di Venezia is one of the most famous carnivals around the world, and a charming characteristic of the city. Some of the most well-known masks are: ALL ORDERS ARE SHIPPED WITHIN 24 HOURS LEARN MORE, SPECIAL OFFER! He wore a black mask reminiscent of his more popular descendant, Arlecchino. Others say it could come from Harlenkoenig, a Scandinavian hero. After the 1100s, the masquerade went through periods of being outlawed by the Catholic Church, especially during holy days. MORETTA is traditional Venetian mask. Many times he remains poor, constantly hungry. He is often cast as the parent of one of the inamorata and has some business or personal relationship with Dottore or Capitano. But Venetian masquerade masks are not just party accessories. Commedia dell'Arte (translated as "the comedy of artists"), is a form of improvisational theatre that began in Italy in the 16th century … It was the most sumptuous and extravagant carnival in the world, but the incredible thing is that it made up only a part of the period in which mask wearing was permitted. Today, most local businesses encourage the wearing of masks on parade floats, to the extent that city folklore claims it's illegal not to wear one. Venetian masks were influenced by the archetype characters in the commedia dell'arte, a popular form of street theater, including the jester, servant and wealthy fool. It is the most significant one in the history of the venetian mask: it was about hiding your own identity during the everyday life in the Repubblica di Venezia.. This mask was worn by Venetian women all year around. The dialogue and action could easily be made topical and adjusted to satirize local scandals, current events, or regional tastes, mixed with ancient jokes and punch lines. FREE GROUND SHIPPING ON ALL ORDERS WITHIN THE USA LEARN MORE, SPECIAL OFFER! However, Jesters are mainly thought of in association with the European Middle Ages. Some masks are simple while others are colourful and elaborate; there a… Pierrot is also called as a lunatic, an a person outside the reality, in a state of unawareness about what's happening around, someone for whom anything matters, just cheering and playing all the time. His mask is unique in that it is the only mask in Commedia dell'Arte to cover only the forehead and nose. Recognizable types of Venetian masks continue to dazzle tourists, dancers, and pageant participants during Carnival and year round. Venice was capitalizing on its position, on its gains, long before its contemporaries had realized the value of a market economy. Pulcinella, Arlecchino, Brighella, Coviello, Francatrippe, Zan Fitata, Zan Piastrela, Zan Ganassa, Zan Turco. Historically one of the most commonly worn masks during Carnival was the bauta mask, a mask that only covers half the face and was sometimes accompanied by a tri-cornered hat and cloak. Masks have always been an essential component of the Venetian carnival. It was invented in France and rapidly became popular in Venice as it brought out the beauty of feminine features. He is often extremely rich, generally with "old" money, though the needs of the scenario might have things otherwise. DESIGN YOUR OWN LEARN MORE. 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