Sponsored Links Yucca was a very important plant to traditional Southwest Indian life. This report presents Native American interpretations of and concerns for plant resources on or near Yucca Mountain, Nevada. Click on any image for a larger view: These artifacts begged some questions: 1. 354 pp. References to yucca root as food often arise from confusion with the similarly pronounced, but botanically unrelated, yuca, also called cassava or manioc (Manihot esculenta). In alternative medicine, yucca is thought to stimulate circulation, improve digestion, reduce inflammation, and relieve pain. A number of other species previously classified in Yucca are now classified in the genera Dasylirion, Furcraea, Hesperaloe, Hesperoyucca, and Nolina. As a landscape plant, they can be killed by excessive water during their summer dormant phase, so are avoided by landscape contractors. and other Native American tribes used Yucca filamentosa for a variety of purposes including food, medicine, cordage and even soap. The crushed roots were soaked in water to make a hair wash. [11], In El Salvador, the tender tips of stems are eaten, and known locally as cogollo de izote. They frequently store water in thick roots. No need for a $70 book, or a $40 download. Certain species of the yucca moth have evolved antagonistic features against the plant and do not assist in the plant's pollination efforts while continuing to lay their eggs in the plant for protection. You just need guidance and a step-by-step set of instructions. Yucca was a very important plant to traditional Southwest Indian life. Do these drilled stalks whistle in the wind in their natural environment? They have tough and pointy sword shaped leaves. The resulting product is said to be nu… //-->. Coyote Oldman) — dried yucca flower stalks, hollow inside, with holes that were beautifully bored by some natural agent. I photographed them in November 2012. The crushed roots have been soaked overnight to make a hair wash. Yuccas have a very specialized, mutualistic pollination system, being pollinated by yucca moths (family Prodoxidae); the insect transfers the pollen from the stamens of one plant to the stigma of another, and at the same time lays an egg in the flower; the moth larva then feeds on some of the developing seeds, always leaving enough seed to perpetuate the species. References to yucca root as food often arise from confusion with the similarly pronounced, but botanically unrelated, yuca, also called cassava or manioc (Manihot esculenta). Many Native American tribes used the yucca plant to promote hair growth and to avoid baldness. Yucca plants, in their many varieties grow across the Americas. As of February 2012[update], the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families recognizes 49 species of Yucca and a number of hybrids:[13]. de- ac08- 87nv10576 technical & management support services-Ïimtm science applications international corporation. [5], Yucca species are the host plants for the caterpillars of the yucca giant-skipper (Megathymus yuccae),[6] ursine giant-skipper (Megathymus ursus),[7] and Strecker's giant-skipper (Megathymus streckeri).[8]. The roots of the plant were peeled and ground to produce a sudsy pulp. Yucca fruits and roots were eaten, and the tough yucca fiber was used to weave baskets and sandals. So it’s no surprise that the Native Americans here use both yucca and agave to make their cordage. The yucca has at least 40 species, including Yucca filamentosa, the most common type, Yucca brevifolia (Joshua tree), Yucca aloifolia (Spanish bayonet), and Yucca gloriosa (Spanish dagger). Native American - Native American - Prehistoric farmers: In much of North America, the shift from generalized foraging and horticultural experimentation to a way of life dependent on domesticated plants occurred about 1000 bce, although regional variation from this date is common. Ethnobotany is the study of how people of a particular culture and region make use of indigenous (native) plants. The pulp was mixed with water and used for soap or shampoo. The native plant primer. Making Native American Style Flutes from Yucca and Agave Stalks. Yucca was used by ancient Native Americans as an effective shampoo, the fruit as a food source, and the fibers were used to make cordage for baskets, sandals, mats, string and rope. Woody ornamentals Many native peoples also use plants in … google_ad_height = 15; Yucca is a genus of perennial shrubs and trees in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Agavoideae. google_ad_slot = "7815442998"; 2. The root contains a compound called “saponins” that make it foam naturally, and it can be dug up and pulverized to make soap and shampoo. This is one of three research reports regarding Native American cultural resources that may be affected by site characterization activities related to the Yucca Mountain high -level radioactive waste disposal facility. Herbalists contend that these properties can aid in the treatment of high blood pressure, high cholesterol, migraine, diabetes, eczema, arthritis, stomach problems, skin infections, and liver and gallbladder disorders. Roots of soaptree yucca (Yucca elata) are high in saponins and are used as a shampoo in Native American rituals. /* 728x15 link ad */ The yucca plant is native to the high deserts of the southwestern United States and Mexico. Early reports of the species were confused with the cassava (Manihot esculenta). native american plant resources in the yucca mountain area, nevada interim report november 1989 9km vae work performed under contract no. Oregon. Some species drop their leaves during drought to prevent the loss of water through transpiration. Beetle herbivores include yucca weevils, in the Curculionidae. Several species of yucca can be grown outdoors in temperate climates, including:-[12]. The Cahuilla and Kumeyaay people broke up the stiff leaves into fibers. Native American Symbolism: Yucca is one of several plants with a name that comes from a Native American language– “yucca” comes from the Taino (Native Caribbean) name for the plant, yuca. Most species of yucca have thick, waxy skins to prevent loss of water through evaporation. These fruits were a traditional food of the Apache and Navajo. native american plant resources in the yucca mountain area, nevada interim report november 1989 work performed under contract no. The genus is represented throughout Mexico and extends into Guatemala (Yucca guatemalensis). The yucca flower is the state flower of New Mexico. de-acos-87nv10576 technical & management support services science applications international corporation c," 9007020264 891130 / … Indian crafts,