According to the 2011 Census, 75% of immigrants in South Africa are from the African continent, with the remaining immigrant population from outside Africa estimated to be about 520,000. South Africa is the preferred destination for various categories of migrants and faces a host of migration-related challenges, including, inter alia: increased prevalence of irregular migration, including women and unaccompanied minors; inadequate migration management policies and border management processes; rising xenophobic sentiments that in some cases turn into … Achille Mbembe writes about Xenophobic South Africa, Belonging—Why South Africans Refuse to let Africa in. How do immigrants fit into the South African economy? (The data in this analysis predates executive action on immigration in early 2017.) If you use our chart images on your site or blog, we ask that you provide attribution via a link back to this page. How Immigrants Contribute to South Africa’s Economy, p103 According to the Stats SA report, 10.7% of period immigrants (immigrants that have moved in the last five years) have their own businesses. Immigrants come despite xenophobia – and create jobs. PRETORIA - Just over two-thirds of people granted permanent residence permits in South Africa last year were from other African countries, according to a Statistics … UNDESA is suggesting the number of immigrants in South Africa has doubled between 2010 and 2017. In the 2018 report on migration for structural transformation in Africa, the UN’s Conference on Trade and Development presents a breakdown of the immigrant population in South Africa in 2017. The report claims that about 2.2 immigrants in South Africa are from the African continent and some 1.8 million from outside Africa, based on the data from UNDESA. According to the UN’s dataset, the number of South African-born persons residing outside of South Africa increased from 330,000 in 1990 to 900,000 … Many of them come temporarily, 46.5% of immigrants … Simmering xenophobia has repeatedly exploded into violent riots targeting black immigrants and asylum seekers from a number of African countries. According to Statistics South Africa (StatsSA) and the Department of Home Affairs 73,352 foreign nationals (down from 109,000 in 2013) were granted residency status in South Africa in 2014. Protecting South Africa’s elderly. In 2019, there were 4.2 million international migrants in South Africa. The third round of the survey (Wave 3) focused on migration and education issues for persons residing in South Africa who are read more » The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. According to Statistics South Africa 's 2011 census, 6.2 million foreigners live in South Africa,  and the organisation's 2015 estimate places the number of undocumented migrants between 1 200 000 and 1 500 000 undocumented migrants. Another variant strain, known as … The IOM report estimates that 196,142 South Africans have moved to Australia, the largest destinations for South Africans leaving the country. Overall, more than 2 million immigrants have come from the 51 countries that comprise sub-Saharan Africa, making up 84 percent of the 2.4 million immigrants from the entire African continent. In South Africa two provinces – Gauteng and Western Cape – stand out among the full complement of nine – as the most attractive destinations for labour migrants. Statistics South Africa (Stats SA) has released the third and final round of a series of three online web-based surveys to measure the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on individuals in the country. The IOM report estimates that 196,142 South Africans have moved to Australia, the largest destinations for South Africans leaving the country. Major immigration law changes to hit South Africa hard: expert  Stats SA, Documented Immigrants in SA (2012 – 2015)  Business Tech, 5 November 2018. There is no question that South Africa remains an attractive destination for immigrants, primarily from the region and the African continent, and that there has been a significant influx of migrants and asylum seekers over the past few years. Perceptions. An alien who is not a permanent resident in South Africa may be admitted to the country only if he or she is issued a valid visa. Violence against immigrants has created a diplomatic crisis. Please check your download folder. BBC wrote that there are between two and five million immigrants in the country. We have provided a few examples below that you can copy and paste to your site: Your image export is now complete. Facts & Stats South Africa. At the 2001 Census, the final declared total for resident citizens in South Africa was 44,819,778. Image credit Kim Davies via Flickr. FACTSHEET: How many international migrants ... - Africa Check SA’s population is the 27th largest in the world (there are 230 countries, only 80 have a population in excess of 10 million). The Archives of the Colonial Office records held in the Cape Town Archives are a rich source is tracing your ancestors first steps into the Country. of immigrants and the already stretched public resources While South Africa has had its share of the health personnel brain drain, many South Africans returned back at … Another discrepancy in the UNDESA 2017 estimate is the origin of immigrants in South Africa. The paper provides a critical appraisal of changes that have marked the political discourses on immigration from within and outside the Southern Africa region in the aftermath of the 1994 elections in the Republic of South Africa. 1.1. Backlinks from other websites and blogs are the lifeblood of our site and are our primary source of new traffic. The South African 2011 Census found that there were 2.2 million immigrants in a country of 52 million in 2011. Findings from the 2018 OECD-ILO study ‘How Immigrants Contribute to South Africa’s Economy’ and the Statistics South Africa (Stats SA) report ‘Labour market outcomes 2012 and 2017 of migrant populations in South Africa’ are combined in the remainder of this brief. South Africa has various classes of visa. This constitutes about 7.2% of the entire population, and out of this group around 2 million are women. Downtown Johannesburg. Immigration records in South Africa are not as difficult to find as one would think. Across the continent, South Africa is seen as a beacon for economic opportunity. Instead of questioning UNDESA’s figures, South Africa’s statistician-general, Risenga Maluleke, wrote in a recent piece in Africa Check that Stats SA “estimates that there are approximately 4 million foreign-born people in South Africa at this point in time.” Maluleke offers no data or evidence to substantiate this figure. And while economic migrants make up a large part of the immigrant population, there is no reason why the numbers would have increased so dramatically in such a short period of time. In South Africa, where xenophobia is rife and violence against foreigners has taken many lives over the years—”such exaggerations are extremely dangerous, since they give credence to the belief that South Africa is overrun by foreigners who are stealing local jobs and putting a strain on services,” as Liesl Louw-Vaudran from the Institute for Security Studies wrote in 2015. For countries with only one observation, estimates for the reference years were derived using rates of change in the migrant stock in the years preceding or following the single observation available. Whatever the actual immigration number, it easily outstrips emigration from South Africa. Dr Savo Heleta is a researcher at Nelson Mandela University in Port Elizabeth, South Africa. It is estimated that South Africa also has at least 500,000 undocumented immigrants. Estimates that have been published vary widely. Emigration is not only effecting the current skill pool in the … Ethiopia and Uganda have seen similar dramatic increases in the same period due to a large movement of refugees from South Sudan and other conflict-ridden countries in the region. (The data in this analysis predates executive action on immigration in early 2017.) Still, this did not stop the UN and its various agencies from releasing the flawed figures. It also includes refugees. Facts matter. South … According to Statistics South Africa 's 2011 census, 6.2 million foreigners live in South Africa, and the organisation's 2015 estimate places the number of undocumented migrants between 1 200 000 and 1 500 000 undocumented migrants. Estimates that have been published vary widely. South Africa Area and Population Density. The Census 2011 found that there were 2.2 million foreign-born people in South Africa in 2011. This constitutes about 7.2% of the entire population, and out of this group around 2 million are women. And this time, these are the work of the United Nations and its agencies. South Africa has various classes of visa. SA’s population is the 27th largest in the world (there are 230 countries, only 80 have a population in excess of 10 million). Can African states offer new approaches to refugee asylum? The remainder are from the six countries of North Africa: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and … Figure 1. The leaders of South Africa and Nigeria have spoken out against the attacks and the violence. It then quoted statistics on emigration. Statistics South Africa (Stats SA) estimates the mid-year population 2020 at 59,62 million in South Africa. Reuters used the same figure. In South Africa two provinces – Gauteng and Western Cape – stand out among the full complement of nine – as the most attractive destinations for labour migrants. It also provides insights into the connections of these changing discourses with the rise of social intolerance of immigration from other African countries. Major immigration law changes to hit South Africa hard: expert  Stats SA, Documented Immigrants in SA (2012 – 2015)  Business Tech, 5 November 2018. Despite its possible shortcomings, imprecision and methodological challenges, the country’s 2011 Census and the follow-up population estimates remain the only sources of credible data about the South African population, including the number of immigrants in the country. The 2011 census reported that more than 75% of foreign-born (international) migrants living in South Africa came from the African continent. The remainder are from the six countries of North Africa: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia. South Africa is a nation bordered by impoverished neighbors. While it is possible that some undocumented migrants were not counted in the 2011 Census, this was corrected for by Stats SA in the final figure using the weighting factor that adjusts for possible undercount. When data on the foreign-born population are not available, data on foreign population--that is, people who are citizens of a country other than the country in which they reside--are used as estimates. Estimates of migrant stock in the newly independent states from 1990 on are based on the 1989 census of the Soviet Union. Africa Check examined the above-mentioned claim referenced by UNDESA that South Africa was a host to 1.1 million asylum seekers in 2016 and found that the figure was “based on a flawed reading of the available data” and incorrect. “One study”, it said, estimated that more than 520,000 South Africans emigrated from 1989 to 2003 – and the number was growing at 9% a year. In terms of population density, that equated to 41.4 people living in every square kilometer of land (107.2 per square mile) and the country’s sparseness was highlighted by the fact that it was only the 169 th biggest in the world for … For your immigration to South Africa, whether you move to South Africa or come for a visit, you must have a valid visa or residency permit when entering the country. 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